Electrolyte abnormalities are common findings in patients with a history of heavy alcohol use. In the study by Liamis et al,2 among hospitalized patients with history of chronic alcohol consumption, 17.3% had hyponatremia.
Does alcoholism cause low sodium?
Hyponatremia, i.e. reduction of sodium level in the blood plasma below 135 mmol/L, is one of the most common electrolyte disorders occurring in people addicted to alcohol. Numerous psychopathological symptoms may be significantly associated with its occurrence.
What is the most common cause of hyponatremia?
Hyponatremia may occur with normal, increased, or decreased extracellular fluid volume. Common causes include diuretic use, diarrhea, heart failure, liver disease, and renal disease. Hyponatremia is potentially life threatening.
Why do alcoholics have low electrolytes?
Alcoholic patients may have electrolyte abnormalities due to alcohol-induced diseases, poor nutrition, or vomiting and diarrhea.
What is beer Potomania syndrome?
Beer potomania, a unique syndrome of hyponatremia, was first reported in 1972. It is described as the excessive intake of alcohol, particularly beer, together with poor dietary solute intake that leads to fatigue, dizziness, and muscular weakness.
What causes very low sodium?
In hyponatremia, the level of sodium in blood is too low. A low sodium level has many causes, including consumption of too many fluids, kidney failure, heart failure, cirrhosis, and use of diuretics. Symptoms result from brain dysfunction.
Does alcohol affect blood sodium levels?
Chronic heavy drinking is known to elevate blood pressure. Sodium sensitivity also tends to raise blood pressure. New research indicates that withdrawal from heavy drinking may derange sodium metabolism in such a way that a person’s sodium sensitivity is increased, leading to higher blood pressure.
Will eating more salt help hyponatremia?
In elderly patients with a diet poor in protein and sodium, hyponatremia may be worsened by their low solute intake. The kidney’s need to excrete solutes aids in water excretion. An increase in dietary protein and salt can help improve water excretion.
Which organ is most affected by hyponatremia?
Hyponatremia is more likely in people living with certain diseases, like kidney failure, congestive heart failure, and diseases affecting the lungs, liver or brain. It often occurs with pain after surgery. Also, people taking medications like diuretics and some antidepressants are more at risk for this condition.
How long does it take to correct hyponatremia?
In patients with severe symptomatic hyponatremia, the rate of sodium correction should be 6 to 12 mEq per L in the first 24 hours and 18 mEq per L or less in 48 hours. A bolus of 100 to 150 mL of hypertonic 3% saline can be given to correct severe hyponatremia.
Why is magnesium low in alcoholics?
Mg deficiency is primarily due to renal Mg-wasting and is exacerbated by dietary Mg deprivation, gastrointestinal losses with diarrhea or vomiting, as well as concomitant use of drugs such as diuretics and aminoglycosides. Osteoporosis is prevalent in the alcoholic population.
What are the symptoms of low electrolytes?
Symptoms of electrolyte disorders
- irregular heartbeat.
- fast heart rate.
- convulsions or seizures.
- diarrhea or constipation.
Does drinking alcohol deplete electrolytes?
Reason 6: You’re drinking too much alcohol
Alcohol can cause electrolyte imbalances in three ways – through increasing fluid loss, increasing electrolyte excretion, and diluting the concentration of electrolytes within the body.
Can drinking beer cause low sodium levels?
Effects on solutes and electrolytes
Beer drinking causes potomania because it has a high water content and a low sodium content. Sodium is an important electrolyte.
Can drinking beer cause high potassium?
Heavy alcohol or drug use can cause your muscles to break down. This breakdown can release a high amount of potassium from your muscle cells into your bloodstream.
What is considered dangerously low sodium levels?
Severe hyponatremia occurs when levels drop below 125 mEq/L. Health issues arising from extremely low sodium levels may be fatal. Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder that doctors encounter. Research suggests that approximately 1.7 percent of people in the United States have the condition.