How can we protect tertiary alcohols?

Benzhydryl [diphenylmethyl] ethers of sugar lactones are formed in high yield under neutral conditions when the corresponding alcohol is heated with diphenyldiazomethane in an inert solvent such as acetonitrile or toluene; this allows the easy protection of base sensitive and highly hindered tertiary alcohols in the …

How can we protect alcohol groups?

The most common protecting groups for alcohols are the silyl ethers. Here is the idea behind it. We take a silyl chloride, do a substitution using the alcohol as a nucleophile and then the alcohol converted into a silyl ether can be used in the presence of any strong base including the Grignard reagent.

How can we protect secondary alcohol?

Benzyl ether protecting groups can be used along with silyl ether protecting groups to protect poly alcohols during synthesis. Note that whereas one can selectively protect a primary alcohol as a silylether in the presence of a secondary alcohol, such selectivity is not possible with benzyl ethers.

How do you get rid of an alcohol protection group?

The silyl ether protecting group can be removed by reaction with an aqueous acid or the fluoride ion. By utilizing a protecting group a Grignad reagent can be formed and reacted on a halo alcohol.

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What makes a good protecting group?

A good protecting group should be easy to put on, easy to remove and in high yielding reactions, and inert to the conditions of the reaction required.

How can we protect primary alcohol?

  1. When Alcohols Get In the Way. …
  2. Protecting Groups Are Like Painter’s Tape. …
  3. A Chemical Equivalent Of Painter’s Tape. …
  4. One Potential Solution: Ethers. …
  5. A Better Way To Do It: Silyl Ethers. …
  6. A Successful Application of A Silyl Ether Protective Group Strategy. …
  7. Summary: Protecting Groups For Alcohols.


How can we protect phenol?

Protecting a phenol by using the Williamson ether synthesis to make the methyl ether is an acceptable method. However your deprotection step using strong, hot acid is undesirable since the molecule might contain acid or thermally sensitive groups.

How do I remove a protecting group?

The silyl ether protecting group can be removed by reaction with an aqueous acid or the fluoride ion. By utilizing a protecting group a Grignad reagent can be formed and reacted on a halo alcohol.

How can we protect amines?

The most popular choice of protecting group for amine nitrogen is the carbamate functional group.

The nitrogen of a carbamate is relatively non-nucleophilic, and furthermore, carbamates are:

  1. easily installed on nitrogen.
  2. inert to a wide variety of reaction conditions.
  3. easily removed without affecting existing amide groups.


How do I remove silyl protecting group?

Removal of silyl ether protecting groups

Reaction with acids or fluorides such as tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride removes the silyl group when protection is no longer needed.

How can we protect diols?

A friendly method for the protection of diols and carbonyls catalysed by hexahydrated iron (III) chloride has been developed. This method, which consists of the transformation of diols and carbonyls to cyclic acetals, functions in mild conditions and it is efficient for a wide range of diols.

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Do Grignards react with alcohols?

Grignard reagents react rapidly with acidic hydrogen atoms in molecules such as alcohols and water.

How do I remove Tbdms protecting group?

Various tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethers are easily removed in excellent yields by treatment with a catalytic amount of N-iodosuccinimide in methanol. This method allows a selective deprotection of TBDMS ethers of alcohols in the presence of TBDMS ethers of phenols.

How can we protect the alkene groups?

The presence of a bromide substituent, instead of a hydrogen or methyl group, on a carbon–carbon double bond, protects the alkene from addition reactions when exposed to trifluoroacetic acid.

How can we protect ketone groups?

Cyclic acetals and ketals are the most useful carbonyl (aldehyde or ketone) protecting groups. Common diols used to form ketals are show below in order of their relative rate of formation. 1,3-dioxanes cleave faster than 1,3-dioxolanes.

How do I get rid of mom protecting group?

Since the MOM group is an acetal, it can be cleaved by acid hydrolysis. In general, it can be removed by boiling in methyl alcohol in presence of trace of conc. HCl. Other methods using variety of acids in organic solvents can also be employed to remove the protection.

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