The number of hydroxyl groups in ethylene glycol and glycerol are more than that of tertiary butyl alcohol and secondary butyl alcohol. It is known that more the number of hydroxyl groups in a compound, greater is its ability to form hydrogen bonds with water and hence higher will be its solubility.
Which of the following has highest solubility?
CsOH has the highest solubility of water because of low lattice energy due to large size.
Is glycerol more soluble than N hexanol?
In ethanol a hydrogen bond is formed between the oxygen of ethanol and one H-atom of water. … In ethanol, the force overcomes the force as compared to glycerol where +I effect of alkyl group is absent. Thus, the later is more soluble in water than the former.
Which alcohol is more soluble in water than N hexanol?
Thus, among the given, glycerol, because of the presence of more number of hydroxyl groups, readily dissolves in water.
Which alcohol has lowest solubility in water?
Of the given options, the largest alcohol of all is 1- pentanol and will thus have the least solubility in water. Thus, the correct answer is D. Note: Due to their polar nature, alcohols also have high boiling points.
Which sulphate has highest solubility?
BeSO4 is most soluble.As the size of the metal atom is less its solubility is more.
Is Highest soluble in water?
Among given compounds, ethylene glycol ( HO−CH2−CH2−OH ) is the most soluble in water. Ethylene glycol has two hydroxy groups both of which form hydrogen bonds with water. Greater is the number of hydrogen bonds, greater is the extent of hydrogen bonding and greater is the solubility in water.
Is 1 butanol an alcohol or alkane?
Explanation: The -ol suffix tells us that butanol is an alcohol. Butane is a 4 carbon alkane, but unlike butane, butanol has one of its hydrogens replaced with a hydroxyl group (-OH).
Why higher alcohols are not soluble in water?
Higher alcohols have large no. of hydrocarbon chains which results in more steric hindrance to make bonds which result in less solubility.
What is the formula of ethanol?
What product in the market use the solution of ethanol and water?
Ethanol mixes easily with water and many organic compounds, and makes an effective solvent for use in paints, lacquers and varnish, as well as personal care and household cleaning products.
Why Ethanol is soluble in water?
Ethanol is an alcohol that is soluble in water. This is because of the hydroxyl group (−OH) in the ethanol that is able to form hydrogen bonds with the water (H2O) molecules. … The intermolecular hydrogen bonding is very high in the ethanol that is why it is soluble.
Is ccl4 soluble in water?
What does 1 Pentanol smell like?
The ester formed from 1-pentanol and acetic acid is amyl acetate (also called pentyl acetate), which smells like banana.
Which is more soluble primary or secondary alcohol?
Alcohols : Alcohols are soluble in water because they form intermolecular hydrogen bonding with water molecules. The solubility decreases with increase in mass because the hydrocarbon part becomes larger and resists the formation of hydrogen bonds with water molecules. … Solubility : Primary < Secondary < Tertiary.
Is alcohol a functional group?
Classification of alcohols: Alcohols are a common functional group (-OH). They can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary, depending on how many carbon atoms the central carbon is attached to.